Portman, Risch, Rubio: International Atomic Energy Agency Should Continue Investigating Iran’s Nuclear Activities

September 22, 2022

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Press Releases

WASHINGTON DC — U.S. Senators Rob Portman (R-OH), a senior member of the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, Jim Risch (R-ID), a senior member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and Marco Rubio (R -FL), Vice Chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee, sent a letter to the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Rafael Grossi, expressing concern about Iran’s request to end the IAEA’s investigation into its undisclosed nuclear activities as part of JCPOA reinstatement negotiations.

“Earlier this month, as negotiations neared a climax, Iran asked the IAEA to permanently close its ongoing investigation into Iran’s unreported nuclear activities in order to advance the OK. writes the members. “As you know, when Iran deployed this tactic in 2015, the P5+1 capitulated to advance the JCPOA. By prematurely closing the IAEA’s investigation into the probable links between Iran’s nuclear program and its military, the international community allowed Iran to hide the intent and scope of its nuclear program, seriously undermining the credibility of the body and our non-proliferation regime.

“Since the IAEA opened its current investigation in 2018, Iran has repeatedly blocked IAEA efforts to inspect and assess unreported and suspicious nuclear activities detected at numerous sites,” they continued. “Suggesting that this investigation be terminated without knowing the nature or extent of Iran’s nuclear activities, where the material in question is currently located, or whether Iran is continuing these activities will further weaken the legitimacy of the IAEA and encourage more Iran to advance its nuclear program. with impunity and outside the parameters of its international obligations”.

“Your leadership has been substantial and should be credited with restoring the credibility of the IAEA, particularly with regard to its work in Iran,” they or they concluded. “As you engage with the United States and other parties in the future nuclear deal with Iran, we urge you to stay true to your commitments that Iran provides honest answers regarding its nuclear program and is held accountable. of any wrongdoing in connection with its international nuclear commitments.”

The full text of the letter is available here and below:

General Manager Grossi,

I am writing to express my concern over Iran’s request to end the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) investigation into its undisclosed nuclear activities and to strongly encourage you to keep this investigation open. until Iran provides transparent responses regarding the sites, materials and activities in question. .

The P5+1 group of countries – the United States, China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and Germany – are set to repeat past mistakes by signing a new nuclear deal with the Iran. Iran’s history of non-cooperation with IAEA investigations, its non-compliance with the terms of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and its belligerent behavior during negotiations on this latest agreement have not prevented the United States and its European allies from making major concessions in the negotiations. Earlier this month, as negotiations neared a climax, Iran asked the IAEA to permanently close its ongoing investigation into Iran’s unreported nuclear activities in order to move the deal forward. .

As you know, when Iran deployed this tactic in 2015, the P5+1 capitulated to advance the JCPOA. By prematurely closing the IAEA’s investigation into the probable links between Iran’s nuclear program and its military, the international community allowed Iran to hide the intent and scope of its nuclear program, seriously undermining the credibility of the body and our non-proliferation regime.

Today, Iran again demands that we turn a blind eye to its nuclear ambitions. Since the IAEA opened its ongoing investigation in 2018, Iran has repeatedly blocked IAEA efforts to inspect and assess unreported and suspicious nuclear activities detected at numerous sites. As you noted at the March 6, 2022 IAEA Board of Governors meeting, Iran has “failed to provide technically credible explanations regarding the Agency’s findings at three undeclared sites” . Your report also noted that Iran had not informed the IAEA “of the current location or locations of nuclear material and/or nuclear material contaminated equipment, which was moved from Turquzabad in 2018.”

These concerns remain outstanding. Suggesting that this investigation be terminated without knowing the nature or extent of Iran’s nuclear activities, where the material in question is currently located, or whether Iran is continuing these activities will again weaken the legitimacy of the IAEA and further encourage Iran to advance its nuclear program with impunity and outside the parameters of its international obligations.

Your leadership has been substantial and should be credited with restoring the credibility of the IAEA, particularly with regard to its work in Iran. We find it unfortunate that such pressure is exerted on you and your team regarding these negotiations. As you engage with the United States and other parties in a future nuclear deal with Iran, we urge you to stay true to your commitments that Iran provides honest answers regarding its nuclear program and that it is held accountable for any wrongdoing in connection with its international nuclear commitments.

Sincerely,

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