Iran nuclear deal: another score for the Biden administration | Atalayar
Disputes over the US-Iran nuclear pact are moving ever closer to a happy conclusion. The Democratic administration of Joe Biden eased talks with the Ayatollah’s government, which had a political and media dispute with the previous US administration, led at the time by Republican and businessman Donald Trump.
He is the business mogul who unilaterally pulled out of the nuclear deal with Iran – signed in 2015 and involving the European Union (EU) and five permanent members of the UN Security Council: China , the United States, France, the United Kingdom and Russia, plus Germany – in 2018.
Since then, the escalation of tension between the two countries has only increased. That year, Trump ended a deal made by his predecessor, the Democrat barack obamaleading to the imposition of severe sanctions on the Persian country, which served as an incentive to cross its uranium enrichment limits. It was a heartbeat in its own right.
However, last Wednesday, Ebrahim RaisiThe government has received a proposal from the United States – through the European Union – to continue what was agreed seven years ago. According to Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Nasser Kanani, “Iran will share its views with the EU, as the coordinator of the nuclear talks, once the Tehran review is completed.” For its part, the Biden administration confirmed through the State Department spokesperson net price he had, “received Iran’s comments on the final text proposed by the EU. Our review of those comments is now complete. We responded to the EU today.
Thus, the ayatollahs agreed, after years of intense commercial and financial blockages, to give in to certain American demands in order to resume the nuclear agreement.
US officials say Reuters“The Iranians have moved closer to possibly returning to the deal on terms President Biden can accept,” despite the Jewish lobby strongly opposing it. Indeed, the interim Prime Minister of Israel, Yair Lapid, tacitly opposes the agreement. According to Price, “Israel is deeply concerned about Iran’s nuclear program. We continue to believe that a mutual return to the nuclear deal is the most effective way to address these concerns..
This is undoubtedly an important step in Iran’s energy strategy to cement its nuclear career, and it is also an important step for the Biden administration in foreign policy, after the president announced that his administration had succeeded in bringing down the leader of Al-Qaeda Aiman al-Zawahiri.
Iran decided to act, noting that during all these years, international atomic energy agency (IAEA) has concluded in all its reports that the development of Iran’s nuclear plan has always scrupulously adhered to agreed rules and that the country has not enriched uranium above 17%.
In this case, it should be noted that, under the terms of the agreement, Iran would not be allowed to enrich uranium more than 20% or store more than 60%. Why? If Iran were to abandon the nuclear deal to pursue a nuclear weapon, it would take six months to do so..
For its part, the concessions of the Ayatollah’s government to pursue the nuclear deal include the declaration of the Iranian Revolutionary Islamic Guard (IRGC) a foreign terrorist organization and accepting the “no” to the removal of sanctions against the IRGC. This has never been considered before.
In addition, according to senior US officials, Iran is allowing the removal of advanced centrifuges it operates, including centrifuges from its fortified underground facility in Ford.
The role of the European Union
The High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Policy, Joseph Borellwho presented a new proposal to conclude the agreement no later than round of talks held in Vienna from August 4 to 8assured that most of the countries participating in the nuclear discussions agreed with the EU proposal, and that Tehran’s response to the text was “reasonable”.
If the deal is reinstated, the IAEA could resume inspections to detect any Iranian attempt to secretly acquire a nuclear weapon, as it has done from the start. In fact, the Director General of the IAEA Raphael Grossi indicated last Thursday that a nuclear deal with Iran “is close” after all the technical aspects have been “more or less resolved”.
Grossi, who met French President Macron the same day, said the agency, “the agency has to do its job. We must work in cooperation with Iran to clarify doubts about uranium remains in undeclared sites. We have to sit down and try to clarify all these aspects.